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Glossary Of Terms

Glossary Of Terms

Accreditation: The decision by the ACCME, or a recognized state medical society, that an organization has met the requirements for a CME provider as outlined by the ACCME. The standard term of accreditation is four years.

Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME): The ACCME sets the standards for the accreditation of all providers of CME activities. The ACCME has two major functions: the accreditation of providers whose CME activities attract a national audience and the recognition of state or territorial medical societies to accredit providers whose audiences for its CME activities are primarily from that state/territory and contiguous states/territories. The ACCME's seven member organizations are the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), the American Hospital Association (AHA), the American Medical Association (AMA), the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), and the Association for Hospital Medical Education (AHME), the Council of Medical Specialty Societies (CMSS), and the Federation of State Medical Boards of the US, Inc., (FSMB).

Accreditation Status: The standings of accreditation offered and made by the ACCME, or a state medical society, to accredited providers. They include accreditation with commendation, accreditation, probationary accreditation, provisional accreditation and non-accreditation.

Accredited Provider: Accredited Providers submitting grant applications must be directly involved in patient care (i.e Academic Institution /Medical Center (non-gov't), Hospital or Health Care Delivery System, Medical/ Professional Society, Publishing/Educational Company etc) Medical Education/Communications Companies cannot be the primary applicant (even if they are accredited).

Acknowledgment of Commercial Support: May state the name, mission, and areas of clinical involvement of the company or institution and may include corporate logos and slogans, if they are not product/promotional in nature.

Attestations: For educational grant requests only: Statements used as Attestations are replacing statements that were previously submitted in the Letter of Request and Credentialing Form. The statements pertain to the accuracy of the information that is contained within the Grant Application The grant applicant reviews the attestations and, if applicable, checks the box that they are true and accurate.

Authorized Signers / E-Signature: For educational grant requests only: The person within the organization applying for funding that has the legal/proper signing authority to sign off on the Letter of Agreement for an approved activity. Charitable contributions will still require a hard copy signature.

Certificate of Separation: This document certifies that departments /companies receiving educational grants from Janssen are not affiliated with departments that may provide promotional medical education. Also known as a “Firewall Certificate”. This document is required for CME/CE and non-CE educational grant requests.

Commercial Interest: Any proprietary entity producing health care goods or services, with the exemption of non-profit or government organizations and non-health care related companies. The ACCME does not consider providers of clinical service directly to patients to be commercial interests. The ACCME considers the following types of organizations eligible for accreditation and free to control the content of CME: Liability insurance providers; Health insurance providers; Group medical practices; For-profit hospitals; For-profit rehabilitation centers; and For-profit nursing homes.

Commercial Support: The provision of financial, or in-kind, contributions given by a commercial interest, which is used to pay all or part of the costs of a CME activity.

Conflict of Interest: Circumstances create a conflict of interest when an individual has an opportunity to affect CME content about products or services of a commercial interest with which he/she has a financial relationship. The ACCME considers "content of CME about the products or services of that commercial interest" to include content about specific agents/devices, but not necessarily about the class of agents/devices, and not necessarily content about the whole disease class in which those agents/devices are used.

Continuing Medical Education (CME): Continuing medical education consists of educational activities, which serve to maintain, develop, or increase the knowledge, skills, and professional performance, and relationships that a physician uses to provide services for patients, the public, or the profession. The content of CME is that body of knowledge and skills generally recognized and accepted by the profession as within the basic medical sciences, the discipline of clinical medicine, and the provision of health care to the public.

Not all continuing education activities in which physicians engage are considered CME. Physicians may participate in worthwhile continuing. educational activities that are not related directly to their professional work, and these activities are not CME. Continuing education activities, which respond to a physician's non-professional educational need or interest, such as personal financial planning, or appreciation of literature or music, are not CME.

Co-sponsored Activity: A CME activity presented by two or more accredited providers. One institution must take responsibility for the activity.

Educational Partner: A third party that provides support to a primary applicant, most commonly for CME/CE-certified educational activities. The Educational Partner may be responsible for content development and/or may provide certification for the activity for health care professionals OTHER THAN physicians (e.g. nursing credit, pharmacy credit), or can be the requesting organizations designated payee. (ALSO SEE THIRD PARTY)

Enduring Materials: Enduring materials are printed, recorded or computer assisted instructional materials which may be used over time at various locations and which in themselves constitute a planned CME activity. Examples of such materials for independent physician learning include: programmed texts, audiotapes, videotapes and computer-assisted instruction materials, which are used alone or in combination with written materials. Books, journals (unless specifically designated) and manuals are not classified as enduring materials.

Joint Sponsorship: Sponsorship of a CME activity by two or more institutions/organizations when one of the institutions/organizations is accredited. The accredited provider must take responsibility for the content of a CME activity when it is presented in cooperation with a non-accredited institution or organization and must use the appropriate accreditation statement.

Jointly-Sponsored Activity: An activity planned and implemented by one ACCM E or state medical society accredited provider working in partnership with one or more non-accredited entities. The accredited provider must ensure compliance with the ACCME Essential Areas and Policies.

Learning Objectives: Statements that clearly describe what the learner will be able to know or do after participating in the CME activity. The statements should result from the needs assessment data.

Medical Education /Communications Company (MECC): MECCs may serve as Educational Partners/Third Parties to Accredited Providers that submit educational grant applications. They may be involved in content development, logistical planning, etc. The MECC CANNOT be the primary applicant for certified medical education programs; applications must be submitted by CME/CE providers. Third Parties such as MECCs must register within the system and can be associated with a CME/CE provider registrant at the time the CME/CE provider registers or at the time they submit an application for funding. Third Parties will be notified when they are required to register within the system.

Needs Assessment: A document that provides identification and analysis of current data that reflects the need for a particular CME activity. The needs assessment should utilize information from surveys of the potential learners, evaluations from previous CME activities, literature searches, needed health outcomes, identified new skills, etc. Needs assessments provide the basis for developing learner objectives for the CME activity.

Provider: See Accredited Provider.

Relevant Financial Relationships: Financial relationships with commercial interest in the 12-month period preceding the time that the individual is being asked to assume a role controlling content of the CME activity. ACCME has not set a minimal dollar amount for relationships to be significant. Inherent in any amount is the incentive to maintain or increase the value of the relationship. The ACCME defines 'relevant financial relationships" as financial relationships in any amount occurring within the past 12 months that create a conflict of interest.

Sponsor: See Provider

Supporter: See Commercial Supporter

Third Party: A Third Party is an organization that provides support to a primary applicant, most commonly for CME/CE-certified educational activities. Third Parties may be responsible for content development and/or may provide certification for the activity for health care professionals OTHER THAN physicians (e.g. nursing credit, pharmacy credit), or can be the requesting organizations designated payee. (ALSO SEE EDUCATIONAL PARTNER)

Validation of Content and Quality: All recommendations involving clinical medicine in a CME activity must be based on evidence that is accepted within the profession of medicine as adequate justification for their indications and contraindications in the care of patients.

Validation of Scientific Integrity: All scientific research referred to, reported or used in CME in support or justification of a patient care recommendation must conform to the generally accepted standards of experimental design, data collection and analysis.